Use what you know about your child to craft your conversation.

Recommended age ranges provide parents with a “heads up” for when they should talk to their kids about alcohol — bottom line, the earlier the better. But children mature at different rates and parents will be more successful in engaging their children if they use what makes them unique.

Is your child excited by science? There’s plenty of information about the brain and overall body systems that have to do with alcohol. Is he or she a wizard at math? There are a lot of statistics and numbers that can help you share important facts on underage drinking.

As most elementary-school-aged children have a limited attention span, your best approach is to share one point at a time, just enough for them to process. You may find a path they are receptive to or need to try another one.

Teaching your child to avoid underage drinking isn’t about having one “big talk.” It’s actually better to just start talking … have multiple, shorter conversations over an extended period of time, adding topics as they grow up.

Turn everyday situations into teachable moments.

Teachable moments aren’t something you need to schedule. They are opportunities you find during the course of a day that lets you share the facts about alcohol with your child.

Below are a few themes you can build upon. Just remember, you want to encourage a dialogue with your child, so try to ask open-ended questions instead of those that only require a yes/no response.

Dad and daughter sitting on the grass and talking to each other.

94% of PA parents believe it's their responsibility to talk with their kids about alcohol

But nearly half (48%) don’t have a great deal of confidence in their ability to influence whether or not their child drinks alcohol.

Tip: Learning the facts will make you feel more at ease starting conversations with your kids about alcohol. And 8 in 10 kids say their parents are the biggest influence on their decision to drink or not drink.

Dear Parent

When talking about the harm alcohol can cause, remind your child that staying away from it will keep them safe.